Overview

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a condition affecting millions of people, both children and adults.  Common symptoms include:

  • trouble paying attention
  • hyperactivity
  • trouble completing tasks
  • impulsivity
  • fidgeting
  • frequently interrupting others

Several effective treatments for ADHD are available including medication, psychotherapies, or a combination.

 

 

Diagnosis

ADHD is diagnosed as one of three types based on the symptoms over the past six months:

  • inattentive type
  • hyperactive/impulsive type
  • combined type

 

For more details, see the American Psychiatric Association ADHD page.

 

 

Treatment

The most well-established treatments for ADHD are medications and psychotherapies.

 

Therapy

Behavioral therapy has been shown effective at improving ADHD symptoms.  See the following papers for examples:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26990084

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22678107

 

Medication

Many medications can improve ADHD symptoms, including:

  • methylphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin, Metadate, Daytrana)
  • dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall)
  • lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
  • dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
  • atomoxetine (Strattera)
  • and more